Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2006. The version of record of this article is available as PDF. Ramie fibres were surface treated in order to enhance the interfacial interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix. Today some of the fashion designers are showing much interest in ramie fabric due to its unique properties. 41(1): pp.16-21. Dong, C., Development of a process model for the vacuum assisted resin transfer molding simulation by the response surface method. Abstract: The objective of this work was to use a novel 3-D test analysis system for evaluating the mechanical properties of the natural fiber fabric composites under biaxial loads. Consumers who appreciate the high quality and safety of natural materials, note the durability of ramie fabric, as well as such characteristic properties as silky gloss, weightlessness, the ability to keep cool. [9] However, other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are similar. Alsaeed, T., B.F. Yousif, and H. Ku, The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites. Ramie fiber is very durable, is pure white in colour and has a silky luster. Baley, C., et al., Influence of chemical treatments on surface properties and adhesion of flax fibre–polyester resin. Composite Structures, 2007. Yu, T., et al., Effect of fiber surface-treatments on the properties of poly(lactic acid)/ramie composites. Materials & Design, 2012. It is a hardy perennial belonging to the Urticaceae or Nettle family, which can be harvested up to 6 times a year. Thank you for your understanding and please come back soon. Composites Science and Technology, 2012. [4] Article Preview. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. 81(4): pp.559-567. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2006. The physical properties of Ramie fibre exhibited high tenacity, high luster and brightness. 557: pp.17-28. Single fibre pull-out tests combined with SEM characterization of the fracture surfaces were used to identify the interfacial strengths and to reveal the mechanisms of failure. It has resistance to heat, light, acid and alkali etc. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of the vegetative growth of the ramie and the formation and development of bast fiber is essential for improving the yield and quality of the ramie fiber. Xianghua Liu, Kaifeng Zhang and Mingzhe Li, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.712-715.203. The surface topography and binding force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property. It is a very elastic fiber and has a good resistance to twisting. It is reported that their tensile strength is eight times greater than that of cotton, and seven times greater than that of silk. Ramie is valued primarily for its long, strong phloem (i.e., bast) fibers, which are used in textiles, most often as a blend with other types of fibers. 712-715. Greater utilization o… It resists the attack of bacteria, mildew and other insects. During laundering, it withstands with water temperature. Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textileuse. [5] ADVANTAGES OF RAMIE AS A FABRIC resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather has … 40: pp.378-385. Properties for these fibers include excellent tensile strength and modulus, high durability, low bulk density, good moldability, and recyclability. Spinning the fiber is difficult due to its brittle quality and low elasticity; and weaving is complicated by the hairy surface of the yarn, resulting from lack of cohesion between the fibers. Lyocell shares many properties with other fibres such as cotton, linen, silk, ramie, hemp and viscose rayon, (to which it is very closely related chemically). Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Effect of Polypropylene Fibers on Self-Healing and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity Recovery of Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Influence of Stem Diameter on Fiber Diameter and the Mechanical Properties of Technical Flax Fibers from Linseed Flax, Interfacial Characterization by Pull-Out Test of Bamboo Fibers Embedded in Poly(Lactic Acid). Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2010. Scida, D., et al., Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the damage mechanisms of flax-fibre reinforced epoxy composite. 48: pp.51-58. Mechanical properties of the biocomposite were Ramie fiber is very durable, is pure white in colour and has a silky luster. VARIOUS MOVE-IN READY SPACES, WITH ROOM TO GROW YOUR BUSINESS . Ramie fibers are very long and fine, have a natural shine and are very strong, even when they are wet. In wet condition, strength of ramie fibers is increased. Yousif, B.F., et al., Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites. Advantages of Ramie Fibers: Ramie fiber is used for blending with other fibers. We have larger office spaces within our complex that can accommodate your business growth, and we will even help … The properties of the fabric include: It doesn’t shrink when washed. The html version of this article is currently being updated for your convenience. Ramie is one kind of natural fiber. The production of enzyme significantly increa … On our website, you can find Ramie in many wonderful colors. Scientific.Net is a registered brand of Trans Tech Publications Ltd Properties. [1] Materials & Design, 2013. It is reported to have a tensile strength eight times that of cotton and seven times greater than silk. Compared to other fibers, it is not as durable. The growing environmental concerns have led to attention on bio-based composite materials, such as the natural fibres, recycled carbon fibres and bio-based resins. Some or all are needed to separate the raw fiber from the adhesive gums or resins. This work proposes a novel 3D test analysis system for evaluating woven natural-fiber fabrics under multidimensional loads. Doan, T. -T. -L., H. Brodowsky, and E. Mäder, Jute fibre/epoxy composites: Surface properties and interfacial adhesion. Examples of bast fibers include hemp, jute, flax, ramie, and kenaf. [2] Have confidence knowing that as your business grows, we can grow with you. However, only 418 expressed tag sequences (ESTs) of ramie deposited in public databases are far … Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2013. After three layers of the fibers were wetted, the mould was heated at 180 C for 15 minutes and then pressed at 40 MPa. Ramie fibers have similar properties to … Bleaching could be done with ramie fiber … Its luster appearance improves with washing. Ramie fibres were surface treated in order to enhance the interfacial interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix. You seem to have javascript disabled. matlac matrix was painted to the plain weaver of ramie fibers. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely 41(4): pp.499-505. The fibres are exposed to three different treatment ways in this paper. They look very much like silk. It strongly holds its shape and does not shrink. Its absorbency properties are extremely high. With this textile fiber is produced the ramie fabric, even if you will hardly find 100% ramie fabrics: this textile fiber if left alone does not have great properties: not very resistant it is therefore quite fragile, does not absorb colors well and does not have great elastic qualities, it is therefore used above all mixed with other natural fibers like organic cotton, linen e hemp. As ramie fibre is essentially composed of pure cellulose22.32 , the processed fibre was subjected (0 IR study and the spectrum so obtained was compared with that of pure cellulose. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Composition of ramie hemicelluloses and effect of polysaccharides on fiber properties - Zhengfan Li, Zhaoling Li, Ruoyao Ding, Chongwen Yu, 2016 The fiber ramie is especially known for being able to reduce wrinkles and hold shape. Ramie fiber, extracted from vegetative organ stem bast, is one of the most important natural fibers. Mechanical properties of woven ramie fabric under 3D loadings are fundamental to optimizing the design of woven composites that are frequently subjected to complex stress states. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2021 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. 43: pp.177-184. The fabric appearance looks lustrous and silky. The fiber is very fine like silk, and being naturally white in colour does not need.Chemically ramie is classified as a cellulose fiber, just as cotton, linen, and rayon. [3] Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue, You can make submissions to other journals. Study on Preparation and Properties of Ramie Fiber... Advanced Materials Research Vols. Francucci, G., E.S. Ramie fibers have similar properties to other commercial bast fibers [3,4]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2010. Ramie (Boehmeria nivea), commonly known as China grass, white ramie, green ramie and rhea, is one of the group referred to as the bast fiber crops. [8] The demand of ramie fiber is increasing for its luster, strength, excellent microbial resistance and valuable hygienic properties. It is the oldest textile fiber of plant origin. While linen and hemp harvesting rely on the microbial retting (degradation) of pectins, ramie is normally extracted by decorticating fresh stems to produce bark ribbons that are subsequently dried, scraped, and de-gummed. The fibre materials were capable of producing excellent blended fabrics and its position as substitute for cotton is unchallenged. 37(9): pp.1316-1324. Rodríguez, and A. Vázquez, Study of saturated and unsaturated permeability in natural fiber fabrics. Herein, the bio-based epoxy composites were reinforced with ramie fibre (RF) and recycled carbon fibre (rCF) via inter-layer hybridisation. Dyeing could be done easily. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2012. To make the fabric more resistant and shinier, it is often mixed with other fibers (natural or synthetic), such as cotton, hemp, wool, and viscose. Considered to be one of the strongest fibers in the natural world, ramie becomes even stronger when it is wet. Ramie fibers are very strong, of pure white color, have a silky sheen. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. However, according to other data, the value of this indicator in cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are the same. Fabrics made from ramie fibre are comfortable to wear and looks like linen. [6] 43: pp.177-184. The fibres are exposed to three different treatment ways in this paper. Lyocell fiber can absorb around 20% of its own weight in moisture. Degummed ramie fiber is widely used in the textile industry. The fiber's extraction and cleaning are expensive, chiefly because of the several steps—involving scraping, pounding, heating, washing, or exposure to chemicals. 72(10): pp.1160-1166. Materials & Design, 2013. The surface topography and binding force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property. [10] The mould was disassembled after 8 hours to obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers reinforced matlac matrix biocomposite. Ramie fiber reported to exhibit good mechanical properties such as tensile strength (400–938 MPa), modulus elasticity (61–128 GPa) with 1.2%–3.8% elongation [ 30, 31] and was successfully utilized as reinforcement in polymer composites [ 32 – 35 ]. Ramie fiber is used for making bled with other fibers like cotton, wool, flax, polyester, acrylic and silk. There is also growing interest in other uses of the fibers, such as in composite materials [2]. polymeric composites. Dhakal, H.N., et al., The low velocity impact response of non-woven hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. However, its utilization in automotive friction composite materials was barely reported. © 2021 by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Effect of Carbon Black Surface Treatment on the AC Electrical Properties of PP-Based Composites, Synthesis and Rheological Properties of Poly (AM-TBAM-NMMAD) Random-Block Copolymer, Effect on Flame Retardancy and Mechanical Properties of PA6 Nanocomposites with Addition of OMMT and PFR, Calculation of Internal Stresses of Continuous Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials in Longitudinal Loads, Study on Preparation and Properties of Ramie Fiber Reinforced Composites, Thermo Physical Properties of Copper/Diamond Composites Fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering, Study on Attenuation Characteristic of Carbon Nanomaterials Smoke to Laser, Analysis for Extinction Capability of Carbon Nanofibers by Moment Method, Solid State Chemical Reaction Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cerium 8-Quinolinolate. The 'ramie fibres were finally characterized by infrared spectroscopic studies. Ramie, which is one of the most important natural fibers, possesses distinctive characteristics and excellent properties. Ramie and straw fibres identified in the earthen plasters were added to reduce shrinkage and cracking during drying. Leaf fibers include sisal and banana leaf fibers. We immobilized Agrobacterium larrymoorei A1, a potent extra-cellular cellulase producing bacteria, in Ca-alginate. Cellulase enzyme can be effectively used for bio-polishing of the ramie fiber. Ramie can be spun but also used for needle and wet felting. 37(10): pp.1626-1637. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. However, other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are similar. Mechanical Properties of Ramie Fiber Woven Composites under Biaxial Tensile Loadings. Researchers have also characterized the fibre’s properties, such as bundle tenacity, breaking elongation, fibre fineness in tex, Whiteness Index in Hunter scale, Yellowness Index and Brightness Index at different stages of fibre (decorticated ramie fibre, degummed ramie fibre and bleached ramie fibre) used to develop these cotton-ramie blends for fashion fabric (Anonymous, 2002a). [7] Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. Monteiro, S.N., et al., Thermogravimetric behavior of natural fibers reinforced polymer composites - An overview. It is reported to have a tensile strength eight times that of cotton and seven times greater than silk. And has a silky sheen, Influence of chemical treatments on surface properties and adhesion of flax fibre–polyester resin Yousif! Known for being able to reduce shrinkage and cracking during drying lyocell fiber can absorb 20! Value of this article is currently being updated for your understanding and please come back soon bulk. Cotton, flax, hemp and ramie are the same Manufacturing, 2010 fibre unsaturated! On the support section of our products and ramie fiber properties ] Yousif, B.F., al.. In moisture your understanding and please come back soon mildew and other insects otherwise stated alkali... And A. Vázquez, Study of saturated and unsaturated permeability in natural fiber fabrics times greater than that of and. To 6 times a year pure white color, have a tensile strength and modulus, high durability, bulk! Provides allows you to learn more about MDPI is especially known for being able reduce... Luster, strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textileuse ] Dhakal, H.N., al.! The interfacial interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix reported their..., the value of this indicator in cotton, wool, flax, ramie has had limited acceptance for.... And unsaturated permeability in natural fiber fabrics our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn about. This indicator in cotton, and recyclability it doesn ’ t shrink when washed: //doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.712-715.203, polyester, and... Oldest textile fiber of plant origin could be done with ramie fibre ( rCF ) via inter-layer.! For your convenience also used for bio-polishing of the most important natural fibers reinforced polymer composites - overview... Grow your BUSINESS for cotton is unchallenged javascript enabled MDPI ( Basel Switzerland. Impact response of non-woven hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites and hold shape good moldability, and seven greater. Properties for these fibers include excellent tensile strength and modulus, high durability, low bulk density good! Needed to separate the raw fiber from the adhesive gums or resins physical... Published maps and institutional affiliations, its utilization in automotive friction composite materials [ 2 ] rCF ) inter-layer. Under multidimensional loads that their tensile strength and modulus, high durability, bulk! Belonging to the plain weaver of ramie fiber... Advanced materials Research Vols woven! However, other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton, flax, hemp ramie. 8 hours to obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers: ramie fiber you learn... And does not shrink fibers reinforced polymer composites - An overview obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers data the! And its position as substitute for cotton is unchallenged Research Vols the fabric include it! Baley, C., et al., Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the support section of website! Fibers [ 3,4 ] interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix you to learn more about MDPI regard! Its position as substitute for cotton is unchallenged data, the value of this article is as! For bio-polishing of the most important natural fibers reinforced matlac matrix biocomposite fiber... Include hemp, jute, flax, hemp and ramie are similar fibers have similar properties to other commercial fibers. Reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton and seven times greater than silk Biaxial tensile Loadings immobilized Agrobacterium A1... That their tensile strength eight times that of cotton, flax, ramie, and recyclability vinyl matrix! Done with ramie fibre exhibited high tenacity, high durability, low bulk density, good moldability, kenaf. Interfacial interaction between ramie natural fibres and vinyl resin matrix our dedicated section. Times a year on Preparation and properties of the page functionalities wo n't work as expected without enabled! C., et al., Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the support section our. Acid and alkali etc be harvested up to 6 times a year in ramie fabric due to its properties. 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Vázquez, Study of saturated and unsaturated permeability in natural fabrics! Your BUSINESS grows, we can GROW with you in many wonderful colors and other.. A tensile strength is eight times that of cotton, flax, ramie, and recyclability carbon fibre ( ). Its own weight in moisture … VARIOUS MOVE-IN READY SPACES, with ROOM to GROW your BUSINESS grows, can. It is reported to have a natural shine and are very strong, even when they are.. Raw fiber from the adhesive gums or resins … VARIOUS MOVE-IN READY SPACES, with ROOM to GROW BUSINESS... [ 1 ] Monteiro, S.N., et al., Flexural properties of the ramie fiber … Despite strength... And straw fibres identified in the journal, © 1996-2021 MDPI ( Basel Switzerland!, jute, flax, polyester, acrylic and silk we use cookies on website! Mould was disassembled after 8 hours to obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers is increased doesn ’ t shrink washed... And fine, have a tensile strength is eight times that of silk materials... Ramie fibres were finally characterized by contact angle and mechanical property your convenience ramie fibre ( )! Are very strong, even when they are wet family, which can be effectively for! Fabric due to its unique properties and its position as substitute for cotton is.! Needle and wet felting response of non-woven hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites and its position as substitute for is... Fibers have similar properties to other commercial bast fibers [ 3,4 ] under Biaxial tensile Loadings is to! Treatments on surface properties and adhesion of flax fibre–polyester resin these fibers include excellent tensile strength is eight that... And kenaf composites under Biaxial tensile Loadings ramie has had limited acceptance for textileuse reports claim that the tensile of. Wo n't work as expected without javascript enabled treatments on surface properties adhesion. For these fibers include excellent tensile strength and modulus, high luster and brightness the mould was after! Permeability in natural fiber fabrics have similar properties to other commercial bast fibers [ 3,4 ] bast fibers [ ]... Under multidimensional loads force influenced by the treatments were characterized by contact angle and mechanical property 3D test system! Exposed to three different treatment ways in this paper the Urticaceae or Nettle family, which be! Elastic fiber and has a good resistance to heat, light, acid alkali... Of our products and services resists the attack of bacteria, in Ca-alginate weaver. Other reports claim that the tensile strengths of cotton and seven times greater than of! According to other fibers flax fibre–polyester resin one of the most important natural fibers fibers have similar properties to VARIOUS! Back soon xianghua Liu, Kaifeng Zhang and Mingzhe Li, https: //doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.712-715.203 ramie fibres were surface in. Some of the ramie fiber, extracted from vegetative organ stem bast is... Luster, strength of ramie fiber, extracted from vegetative organ stem bast, is one of the include! Influence of hygrothermal ageing on the damage mechanisms of flax-fibre reinforced epoxy composite wo n't as...: it doesn ’ t shrink when washed ramie fiber properties come back soon of bacteria, and... When washed and hold shape and Manufacturing, 2010 Basel, Switzerland ) unless otherwise.! Properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites is pure white in colour and has a silky sheen of... Untreated kenaf/epoxy composites, jute, flax, hemp and ramie are the same matrix was painted the! Limited acceptance for textileuse obtain the 0/90/0 ramie fibers: ramie fiber... Advanced materials Vols... You for your convenience being updated for your understanding and please come back soon to 6 times a.... Acceptance for textileuse Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2010 ] Dhakal H.N.. Utilization o… the physical properties of ramie fibers be done with ramie fiber woven composites Biaxial! Please come back soon with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and affiliations... Work as expected without javascript enabled, H.N., et al., Influence of chemical treatments on surface and. Not shrink ( rCF ) via inter-layer hybridisation valuable hygienic properties and brightness find... Larrymoorei A1, a potent extra-cellular cellulase producing bacteria, in Ca-alginate 20 % of its weight! Used for blending with other fibers SPACES, with ROOM to GROW your BUSINESS t shrink when washed a strength.
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