As we quote in our big guide on the “Chinese Alphabet”…, In English we have 26 letters in the alphabet, in Russian we have 33 in the Cyrillic alphabet, but…. Here are 10 basic phrases in Mandarin vs Cantonese vs Shanghainese. Mandarin is also one of the six official languages in the United Nations. I'm away right now, so I will get back to you by email as soon as possible. teachers by signing up below: Please fill in the Name and Email are required. How can I help you? 29, Lane 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da’an District, Taipei. Other Chinese languages have up to ten distinct tones. One character on its own can be a word, but many words are made up of two, three or even more characters put together. Email: [email protected], No. Local dialects in some areas are spoken but generally you could travel anywhere in China and Mandarin will be heard. You can find out some of these in. Countries That Use Mandarin. Mandarin Chinese has official status in China, Taiwan, and Singapore, and has 800 million speakers worldwide. There is no such thing as the Chinese Alphabet. Mandarin is the official language in China and Taiwan Mandarin is now the official language in China and Taiwan and is used by most of the Chinese schools, colleges and universities, as well as their TV programs, movies, and radio stations. By contrast, television and radio announcers usually attempt to emulate an idealized version of Standard Mandarin. Gathering exact data for these dialects is nigh-on impossible, but this gives you a fair idea of how Mandarin compares to the Wu dialect (of which Shanghainese is included) and the Yue dialect (of which Cantonese is included), alongside all other minor dialects. In addition to China, Mandarin Chinese is also spoken in the important and influential Chinese communities of Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, and Mongolia. Just to illustrate how Chinese can differ between dialects we’ve taken three of the most common dialects below and shown you how they are read in these dialects. Apart from China, Mandarin Mandarin is being used in Taiwan, … Standard Chinese is the official language in mainland China, as well as in Taiwan, and is also known as Standard Mandarin or Modern Standard Mandarin. It has more than 200 distinct dialects from which the 7 main dialects are Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, Min, Xiang, and Gan. Tel: +886 (2) 27555007 Initially, people mainly spoke Mandarin, and its regional Mandarin variants in Beijing and its surroundings, as well as in Northern China. Each character is one syllable. recipients' e-mail addresses. Meanwhile, we have sent the 11 Mandarin e-books to your email. Do you want to take a FREE 1-to-1 Chinese lesson online and get 11 Mandarin e-books for FREE? As we’ve touched upon already, Chinese is the umbrella term for a huge number of dialects, all of which we won’t delve into right now! The name itself, 普通话 (pǔ tōng huà), means “common language.”. Tel: +86 (0) 21 3368 0866 Whereas on paper, a Mandarin or Cantonese speaker could both read and understand the same text, when read out aloud, they sound completely different. When Jesuitmissionaries learned this standard language in the 16th century, they called it "Mandarin", from its Chinese name Guānhu… 183 Beihai Ave. Haicheng It is often referred to as Standard Chinese, or even just Chinese, but Mandarin is originally specifically of the Beijing dialect. Mandarin is the dominant form of Chinese in China. So there you have it, your complete guide to Chinese vs Mandarin – hopefully you now know the key differences. The pronunciation of Mandarin varies widely along geographical and social lines. Mandarin Chinese is the mother tongue of over 873 million people, making it the most widely spoken first language in the world. Also known as Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, Mandarin is the official language of mainland China and Taiwan and is spoken in the northern, central and southwestern regions of China. But the spoken language is a different kettle of fish. Our Academic Coordinator will contact you within one working day to arrange the free lesson. ), which is where certain words have the “儿 (ér)” sound at the end. When you learn Mandarin in Taiwan you can immerse yourself fully into Chinese culture. Learn about history and culture of China. The former accent is spoken in southern China and in Taiwan. Take a free 1-to-1 lesson with one of our professional Copyright © 2006-2021 eChineseLearning.com All Rights Reserved. If Chinese were to be replaced with the word “dog,” then you could replace Mandarin with any dog breed, such as “Dalmatian.” So Chinese is to dog, as Mandarin is to Dalmatian. 建国路88号现代城SOHO B座 504 As the official language of China and the most spoken dialect of Chinese languge, when we say we learn Chinese, we actually mean Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese. Chinese is not a language as such but a family of languages. It mostly has ‘Monosyllabic’ words and word elements and because there are neither markers for inflection nor markers to indicate parts of speech, it has a fixed word order. Travel, Culture, History and Economy With English in England you have a number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc. It is considered the standard language, and is spoken throughout China. 0510, City Plaza, No. Chinese is a language (Mandarin is one of the dialects of Chinese alongside Shanghainese, Cantonese and many more). Don’t be put off if you’ve made great strides with your Mandarin and you go out in Hong Kong or Shanghai for example, and you understand little, this will just be the local dialect. Chinese is a language/dialect family, including a lot of dialects. Wanna give it a try? However, with commitment and daily practice, it is certainly possible to successfully master. 北海市海城区北海大道183号城市购物广场 0510号 DID YOU KNOW – Mandarin in Chinese is spoken as 普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) which literally translates to common tongue. Standard Mandarin is called Putonghua. It is used far and wide that it is the adopted language of the government, entertainment industry and education. English: No. If you wish to hear more from LTL Mandarin School why not join our mailing list. 88, Xiandai SOHO, Building B, 504 Mandarin and Cantonese are two of the many Chinese languages. Email: [email protected], Thank you very much! Cantonese is a completely different spoken language than Mandarin, and uses 9 tones instead of just 4 as in Mandarin! Where is Mandarin Used in Chinese? But even though Mandarin is the official language of three countries and is spoken by so many people, each country and individual regions add their own twists to it. Got Enjoy. Join our WeChat Group to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. FOR EXAMPLE – you could visit Beihai, in the south of China and be exposed to a mixture of the local dialect, and also standard Mandarin from the northerners who have moved down south for a warmer life to the arctic north! Mandarin is the lingua franca and the sole official language of China, so if you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. People use elements of their native dialect when they speak it. Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese. Good points, never quite understood the differences before. The language family that Standard Chinese is ultimately part of is ‘Sino-Tibetan’. Mandarin is a Chinese language spoken by close to one billion people in the world and it’s the single most spoken first language in existence. Phonology Spoken Chinese is a ‘Tonal Language’ related to Tibetan and Burmese. The birthplace of Mandarin was actually in Chengde, 3 hours north of Beijing and is widely spoken throughout China. And to help, in this post I talk about how Chinese … Here’s the short answer: Mandarin is a form of the Chinese language. Most Chinese speak standard Mandarin but not all. The word itself, “Mandarin”, originally comes from the word for an official government worker of the Chinese empire. If someone were to refer to a specific dialect, it is likely they would say the name of that dialect instead of “Chinese.” For example, another Chinese dialect is Cantonese. The Beijing accent is identifiable by 儿话音 (èr huà yīn) (How should you use “儿话音”? Chinese Loanwords – 16 Borrowed Words in English and Chinese – Foreign Loanwords in Chinese- Myth- Talk show- Bullying- Hacker- Calories- Blog- Logic- Clone- Aspirin- Karat- Vitamin- Translation of Foreign Company Names- Chinese Loanwords in English- Brainwashing- Paper tiger- Guanxi-…. Email: [email protected] Every language can be varied when being used or…. Mandarin is part of the Chinese family of languages, which in turn is part of the Sino-Tibetan language group. For example, “baby” in Chinese: 宝贝 (bǎobèi) VS. 宝贝儿 (bǎobèir). Name * With English in America you have a number of dialects – Texan, Bostonian, Floridian etc. The governments of these countries intend for speakers of all Chinese speech varieties to use it as a lingua franca. A #910 Chinese history and culture is one the richest and … “普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) Mandarin (View more details about Mandarin here)” is labeled by the Chinese government as the official language of China. FAQ #2 – Can Cantonese Speakers Understand Mandarin? There is no doubt that written Chinese is difficult to learn – even for the Chinese! 1. Now it’s time to start studying Mandarin… just like Tobias and Mikkel did here! This tends to cause a lot of confusion with beginner students so here’s the deal…. Add our LinkedIn ID below: Join our Skype Group Chat to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. WeChat ID: alkrasnov When you are talking about Chinese language, it might be a little confusing because there are so many names for the Chinese language, such as hànyǔ 汉语, zhōngwén 中文, pǔtōnghuà 普通话, guóyǔ 国语, huáwén 华文 … In a word – yes! Add our Skype ID below: Chat with a professional Academic Coordinator now to sign up for a free trial lesson! This is perhaps the second most spoken Chinese dialect and it is spoken in areas of southern China, with many Cantonese speakers living abroad. Mandarin is a … verification code. Mandarin is the most widely spoken dialect of Chinese, which is the worlds most spoken language, English coming 2nd, Spanish 3rd. Whatsapp / Wechat / Mobile Email Address * Mandarin Chinese is the official language of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Repiblic of China (ROC). Watch this Chinese video lesson to know how people to add the “er” sound at the end of words to make the Chinese tone more casual and light! valid email address. Your email address will not be published. I've seen explanations online for Chinese, Mandarin, Putonghua but there always seems to be overlap. 徐汇区襄阳南路218号现代大厦 A座 910室 How to say ‘Chinese language’ in Mandarin Chinese? Comment below with your thoughts on Chinese vs Mandarin, we’ll be happy to add anymore questions to our blog if you so wish! Here are some bite-sized facts that we think you’ll also find useful. Mandarin has ​ four tones. questions? Thank you for signing up for a free live 1-to-1 lesson at eChineseLearning! Hello my name is Alex. This is important as the accent in which people speak Mandarin varies across all of China. Cantonese speakers can generally understand Mandarin but it’s worth noting if you listen to each dialect, you will realise they sound nothing alike. SUPER USEFUL – Key Phrases in Mandarin, Shanghainese and Cantonese, Things You Must Know Before Learning Taiwanese Mandarin Some facts you should know about Taiwanese Mandarin Is there a difference between Taiwanese Mandarin and Standard Mandarin? Mandarin Chinese has 4 Tones. C.TEST (Test of Practical Chinese) Prep Course, Chinese Reading Course (Newspaper, Magazines and Internet), Learn Chinese through Movies and TV Programs, Learn Chinese through Cartoons, Movies and TV Programs, What’s the difference between Mandarin and Chinese. Which should I use? If you’re wanting to communicate with the largest group of Chinese speakers, there are many more speakers of Mandarin than there are of Cantonese; 933 million Mandarin speakers compared … It is used in government, in the media, and in education. Mandarin Chinese already has the most native speakers of any language. Find some Mandarin speakers and you’ll be right on track! Think about it this way. Phone:+886 (2) 27555007 As we’ve already mentioned, Chinese is made up of well over 200 dialects so rather than take you through every single one, here are the most well known and where they are commonly spoken: Another question we commonly hear from beginners is: In short, the answer is no. It is taught in all schools in China, and most people in China speak it as a first language or as a second language to their regional dialect. Firstly check out what people think of the language spoken in Shanghai, as Nathan takes us on a tour of the great city. You will gain a strong understanding of Mandarin. Max is an avid football and poker enthusiast whose favourite Chinese food is 北京烤鸭. Although you may be confused now, the answer is quite simple. (Learn the 4 tones in Mandarin here). As one of the six official languages used by UN (United Nations), Chinese now has earned itself greater status in the World. Please fill a valid Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 Any questions? China’s Second Largest Spoken Language: Cantonese. Mandarin is based on a Beijing dialect, and the Beijing accent is considered the standard Mandarin accent. Blind Shaft tells a fascinating story of a group of dedicated … Please fill in valid Standard Chinese, based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin, was adopted in the 1930s and is now an official language of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, one of the four official languages of Singapore, and one of the six official languages … verification code. See below the main difference between the two is the number of strokes. However, just to give you an idea of how Mandarin dwarfs the other dialects see here…. What’s the Difference Between Mandarin and Cantonese? The Chinese language is part of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. Below is a short description of the phonology of Standard Mandarin usually heard on television and on the radio. You can see the geographic region covered by Sino-Tibetan languages on this mapin pink. 29, Lane 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da’an, Taipei The Wu dialect is mainly used is Jiangsu and Anhui provinces while the Yue dialect covers Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong and Macau. Putonghua is a parlance in mainland China. But of course there’s more to discover! “普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) Mandarin (View more details about Mandarin here)” is labeled by the Chinese government as the official language of China. Skype: alexander_ltl Chinese is truly unique given it's history and seemingly infinite number of dialects! Standard Mandarin is the official standard of the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and one of the official languages of Singapore. The English word "mandarin" (from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay menteri, from Sanskrit mantrī, mantrin, meaning 'minister or counsellor') originally meant an official of the Ming and Qing empires. In the era of the Northern Song dynasty (960BC – 1127BC), Emperor Taizu conquered many of the lands that ar… Scan the QR code below: Join our LinkedIn Group to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. Standard Romanized version of Chinese Mandarin. Mandarin is now China’s official language and a key to most of Asia. MODULES AVAILABLE All Chinese languages are tonal, which means that the way words are pronounced varies their meanings. Mobile: +886 905028430. Please fill in the The language is a standardized dialect of Mandarin language, but features aspects of other dialects in its usage, including written vernacular Chinese in the language’s grammar, Mandarin dialects in its vocabulary, and the Beijing dialect in the pronun… China’s main dominant spoken dialect is Mandarin. If you want to find out more about this topic we recommend you visit the link above, we go into great detail about this OR alternatively, grab a cuppa and watch us talk about it instead…. Since their native varieties were often mutually unintelligible, these officials communicated using a Koiné language based on various northern varieties. Every when the characters match, they are spoken completely differently. We give plenty of handy information on learning Chinese, useful apps to learn the language and everything going on at our LTL schools! Please download them from your email. In fact, Mandarin is rarely heard at all in Hong Kong, that said, most Hong Kongers can indeed speak and understand Mandarin with no problems at all. Traditional Chinese is used in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Many Hong Kongers can speak Mandarin yes but Cantonese is the language of choice in Hong Kong, followed by English. Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 Please fill in a It is considered the standard language, and is spoken throughout China. Some call it a dialect. Practice alone with your textbooks, with Mandarin-speaking friends or online with the many online Mandarin schools that exist. Think of “Chinese” as this large umbrella with a bunch of languages under it. And, China may soon pass the United States as the world’s largest economy. We get asked a tonne of questions about Chinese, the dialects, who speaks what and much more, so the point of this article is to answer those commonly asked questions. Can Cantonese Speakers Understand Mandarin? Chinese is a language (Mandarin is one of the dialects of Chinese alongside Shanghainese, Cantonese and many more). Mandarin is one of those languages underneath. It is spoken by 920 million people as a 1st language and 200 million as a 2nd language. Great breakdown - very easy to get Chinese and Mandarin mixed up. As you … Mango is a type of fruit. Look at it like this… With English in England you have a number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc. Mandarin Chinese is a fairly complex language to learn, especially for English speakers. Mandarin language, also called Northern Chinese, Chinese (Pinyin) Guanhua (“Officials’ Language”), or (Wade-Giles romanization) Kuan-hua, the most widely spoken form of Chinese. Mainland China uses Simplified Chinese, as does Singapore, where Mandarin is one of four official languages spoken. Use elements of their native dialect when they speak it, English coming,! Formed of many, many dialects, Mandarin, Shanghainese, Cantonese and more. 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So there you have more, comment below, we have sent the 11 Mandarin e-books for?... Skype ID below: join our LinkedIn Group to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well instruction. Industry and education with beginner students so here ’ s the deal… and more... And become part of our destinations for studying Mandarin in Taiwan ( even though it isn t... Mixed up ’ an District, Taipei have the “ Standard Chinese ” spoken in Beijing and is spoken China. Almost a quarter of internet usage is conducted in Chinese ; this makes it the second biggest language online English... The deal… varies widely along geographical and social lines one working day to arrange the FREE.. Culture is one of the UN Taiwanese Mandarin and Cantonese also one of the six languages. ( bǎobèir ) speakers Understand Mandarin Mobile: +886 905028430 to emulate an version... … the Chinese family of languages and one of the Chinese language Understand?. 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