Download preview PDF. There arc various kinds of insect pests damaging agricultural crops, and development of resistance to insecticides in many insect pests such as the diamondback moth and aphids has become a serious problem in recent years. It has a moderate mammalian toxicity and it has a high potential for bioaccumulation. Under these circumstances, we attempted to find a compound that possessed excellent efficacy against insects which are difficult to control, showed no cross-resistance to conventional insecticides, and was benign to the environment. Systemic with translaminar activity having both contact and stomach action. Especially in the diamondback moth, the speed of resistance development is relatively fast; therefore, a compound that possesses a mode of action different from conventional insecticides needs to be developed. Mode of action. N Nicotine is a natural insecticide of which many man-made insecticides are derivatives. Based on its chemical properties it would not be expected to leach to groundwater. It has a role as a neonicotinoid insectide, an environmental contaminant and a xenobiotic. 1) Basic information. Quick knockdown of a wide range of Foliar-feeding pests such as Aphids, Whiteflies, Leafhoppers, and Plant bugs. EU Annex III PIC DGD) (, R = Peer reviewed scientific publications, US = US Dept of Agriculture National Resources Conservation Service - various datasheets, databases and online sources, A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database), E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source), (E)-N2-carbamoyl-N1-(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl-N2-cyano-N1-methylacetamidine, N-(6-chloropyridin-3-ylmethyl)-N-methyl-acetamidine. It is highly soluble in water and is volatile. Pyrethroids delay the closure of the sodium channel. Acetamiprid can … It is a synthetic organic compound of the family of chemicals that acts as neonicotinoid insecticides. Their mode of action is to inhibit the on/off switch of nerve cells, called sodium channels, by delaying the rate at which they close, or turn off (see Figures 2A and B above). Mechanism of action Acetamiprid is a nicotine -like substance and reacts to the body in a similar way as nicotine. Although the compound belongs to the nconicotinoids, it possesses characteristic insecticidal properties different from others in the same category of chemical structure. DT₅₀ 420 days at pH 9, 25 °C, 13 days pH9, 45 °C, SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l⁻¹) for a 1 kg ha⁻¹ or 1 l ha⁻¹ application rate, Potential for particle bound transport index, N-{(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl}-N-methylacetamide (Ref: IM-1-3), 6-chloro-pyridilmethyl alcohol (Ref: IM-0), Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹), Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹), Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀), Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹), Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹), Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹), Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹), Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹), Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹), Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Literature DT₅₀ 48hr values for B. hyprocrita = >0.0019 µg bee⁻¹, B. ignitus = > 0.005 µg bee⁻¹ & B. patagiatu = > 0.005 µg bee⁻¹, Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹), Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹), Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹), Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect, Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class), Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight), Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), Occupational exposure may occur through inhalation and dermal contact. Insecticidal Mode of Action The mechanism by ... clothianidin, acetamiprid Synthetic “nicotine-like” chemical binds tightly to the acetylcholine receptor site on the post-synapse nerve cell, nerve overstimulation Neonicotinoids. Because of its unique mechanism of action, acetamiprid has good effects on the resistance to pesticides such as organophosphorus, carbamate, pyrethroid and other pesticides. Acetamiprid is a contact insecticide for sucking-type insects. Insects are affected mainly by ingestion, and may be affected by some forms of contact as well. It is highly soluble in water and is volatile. Insecticide Mode of Action Table. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Nicotinoid Insecticides and the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor In: Abstracts of the 18th annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 39, Matsuda M (1995) Discovery of acetamiprid. The Difference Between Acetamiprid and Imidacloprid. This way the developing of resistance by pest species can be prevented. Some labels may require specific droplet size for there use. More CAS Number: 135410-20-7 (160430-64-8) Not logged in It is also soluble in methanol and dichloromethane. Mode of Action: Target Organisms. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. It is not persistence in soil systems but may be very persistent in aquatic systems under certain conditions. This causes interruption of brain signals throughout the insects body. Mechanism of action. Plant Prot 50:248, Matsuda M, Takahashi H (1996b) Mospilan® (acetamiprid, NI-25)-a new systemic Insecticide,-Agrochem Jpn 68:20–21, Mitsui J, Iwasa T, Yoneda A, Yano M, Yamamoto A, Hatano R, Matsuda M (1993) Studies on a novel insecticide, NI-25; biological activities and actions against Lepicloptera. Herbicide Mode of Action Table. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, JP60–172976, Soloway SB, Henry AC, Kollmeyer WD, Padgett WM, Powell JE, Roman SA, Tiemans CA, Corey RA, Home CA(1978) In: Geissbuehler H (ed) Advances in pesticide science, Vol 2 Pergamon Press, New York, pp 206–217. Base rotations for resistance management on the mode of action number only. This mode of action results in uncontrolled, uninterrupted nerve firing seen as a … Acetamiprid is a nicotine-like substance and reacts to the body in a similar way as nicotine. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Acetamiprid is an insecticide that is currently approved for EU use. Acetamiprid is a nicotinic agonist that reacts with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nACh-R). The precise structure of acetamiprid is that of a chloronicotinyl compound and it has been shown to be a potent agonist at the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in insects. Mode of Action Interupts the function of the insect nervous system (Reference 5). Bifenthrin is designed to be effective by contact or ingestion. The invention relates to a hot fogging concentrate containing acetamiprid. Pyrethroids are axonic excitotoxins, the toxic effects of which are mediated through preventing the closure of the voltage-gated sodium channels in the axonal membranes.The sodium channel is a membrane protein with a hydrophilic interior. Also, pest control strategy that is safe for the environment is essential. Fungicide Mode of Action Table . Select a nozzle that produces coarser (larger) droplets. Not affiliated The Exciting foliar Insecticide with New mode of action. Modes of action are colour-coded according to the physiological functions affected. acetamiprid are the first commercial neonicotinoids developed. Acetamiprid is used to produce a variety of crops, plants and flowers. It has a novel mechanism of action on the insect nervous systems by acting as an agonist to nAch. Based on its chemical properties it would not be expected to leach to groundwater. 2 It is a systemic insecticide that translocates rapidly through plant tissues following application. Acetamiprid shows excellent activities against Hemiptera and Thysanoptcra, as do other neonicotinoids; it exhibits excellent activity against Lcpidoptera as well, and the insecticide is applicable for controlling pests of vegetables, fruit trees, the tea tree, and so on. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 192.185.81.87. In: Abstracts of the 19th annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 92, Nicotinoid Insecticides and the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor. In: Abstracts of the 23rd annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 130, Iwasa T, Takakusa N, Mitsui J, Yano M, Yamamoto A, Hatano R, Matsuda M (1993) Studies on a novel insecticide, NI-25; biological activities and actions against aphids. Use nozzles that provide as coarse (large) droplet as practical to provide necessary coverage. Odawara Research Center, Nippon Soda Co., Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-67933-2_7. Acetamiprid Properties Acetamiprid’s solubility varies from one liquid to another. It also exhibits triple action: ovicidal, adulticidal and larvicidal. It also exhibits triple action: ovicidal, adulticidal and larvicidal. Acetamiprid is also a solvent in ethanol, chloroform, acetone, and acetonitrile. Nicotine is a natural insecticide of which many man-made insecticides are derivatives. Mode of Action: Target Organisms. Exhibits a systemic translaminar action. Acetamiprid is stable to hydrolysis at environmental tem peratures, and photodegra de s relative ly s lowl y in wa ter. abstracts of papers, the 20th annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, pp 39–40, Matsuda M, Takahashi H (1996a) Biological activities of acetamiprid. In: Abstracts of the 21st annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 108, Murahashi K, Take T, Nishimura K, Takahashi H (1993) Studies on a novel insecticide, NI-25; control efficacy of NI-25 against insect pests on cabbage. 5 Thiamethoxam Dinotefuran Imidacloprid According to the US EPA acetamiprid could play a role in battling resistance in the species: Bemisia, greenhouse whiteflies and western flower thrips. Acetamiprid is a recognised irritant. In: Abstracts of the 18th annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 41, Kishimoto T, Suzuki J, Ishimitsu K, Mitsui J, Iwasa T, Yamamoto A, Takakusa N (1993) Studies on a novel insecticide, Nl-25; chemical structure and biological activities. The IRAC Mode of Action (MoA) classification provides growers, advisors, extension staff, consultants and crop protection professionals with a guide to the selection of acaricides or insecticides for use in an effective and sustainable acaricide or insecticide resistance management (IRM) strategy. Hallakat is an insecticide with a unique mechanism of action and a strong activity against Lepidoptera and other pests. Description: ACETAMIPRID is a systemic insecticide with contact and stomach action.It belongs to the new class of neonicotinoid insecticide. Acetamiprid is a carboxamidine that is acetamidine in which the amino hydrogens are substituted by a (6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl and a methyl group while the hydrogen attached to the imino nitrogen is replaced by a cyano group. It has a novel mechanism of action on the insect nervous systems by acting as an agonist to nAch. It also exhibits triple action: ovicidal, adulticidal and … In: Abstracts of the 23rd annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 23, Takahashi H, Mitsui J, Murahashi K, Asai M, Yamada T (1998b) Efficacy of acetamiprid 2% granule against diamondback moth on cabbage by soil treatment. Systemic insecticide with translaminar activity and with contact and stomach act Systemic insecticide with translaminar activity and with contact and stomach act Application Method : by soil and foliar Acetamiprid is an ovicidal, larvicidal, and adulticidal, meaning it works at all stages of insect development. Mode Of Action: Acetamiprid 20% SP. Long term action/control. For the purposes of this tolerance action, therefore, EPA has assumed that acetamiprid does not have a common mechanism of toxicity with other substances. Products containing acetamiprid fail Thurston County's pesticide review criteria. In water, the ingredient is slightly soluble at the rate of 4.2g/l. It is used to control sucking pests including hoppers, aphids, thrips, and whitefly on a wide range of crops, especially cotton, vegetables, fruits, and tea. Proceedings of Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Pests and Diseases, pp89–96, Takahashi H, Takakusa N, Suzuki J, Kishimoto T (1998a) Development of a new insecticide, acetamiprid. 2,10; Imidacloprid acts on several types of post-synaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the nervous system. Part of Springer Nature. It is not persistence in soil systems but may be very persistent in aquatic systems under certain conditions. Pestic Biochem Physiol 22:148–160, Shiokawa K, Tsuboi S, Kagabu S, Moriya K (1985) Japan. Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. Acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist. Wapkil 20 SP exhibits a systemic translaminar action. Acetamiprid. It has a novel mechanism of action on the insect nervous systems by acting as an agonist to nAch. Insects are affected within 30 minutes of treatment with excitement, then paralysis, and finally extermination. Cite as. Aceta… This is a preview of subscription content, Abe Y, Nakamura K, Takahashi H, Hatano R, Tanaka Y, Matsubara I, Tabata K (1998) Biologacal property and efficacy of acetamiprid, an insecticide, effective control maturationfeeding caused by, Bai D, Lummis SCR, Leicht W, Breer H (1991) Actions of imidacloprid and a related nitromethylene on cholinergic receptors of an identified insect motor neurone. The mechanism of resistance to pyrethroids in A. aegypti, that to neonicotinoids in A. gossypii, and the mechanism of action of the natural product asperparaline A were clarified. In: Abstracts of the 18th annual meeting of the Pesticide Science Society of Japan, p 40, Mitsui J, Take T, Yano M, Tanaka H, Nishimura K, Takahashi H (1996) Studies on a novel insecticide, Mospilan®; biological properties and insecticidal activities of Mospilan G evaluated by various applications. Type Insecticide Thurston County Review Summary: Acetamiprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide that is also known as ethanimidamide. It also exhibits triple action: ovicidal, adulticidal and larvicidal. Unique translaminar activity that puts protection on both sides of the leaf surface. Pestic Sci 33:197–204, Harris M, Price RN, Robinson J, May TE (1986) WLl 08477-a novel neurotoxic insecticides. Acetamiprid is an insecticide that is currently approved for EU use. 3; Bifenthrin is a Type I pyrethroid that affects the central and peripheral nervous system by interfering with sodium channel gating. EPA has not found acetamiprid to share a common mechanism of toxicity with any other substances, and acetamiprid does not appear to produce a toxic metabolite produced by other substances. This interior is shaped precisely to allow sodium ions to pass through the membrane, enter the axon, and propagate an action potential. Degradation does occur at higher pHs and elevated temps e.g. Acetamiprid is a nicotinic agonist that reacts with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nACh-R). J Pestic Sci 23:275–280, Yamamoto A, Hatano R, Mitsui J, Iwasa T, Matsuda M (1994) Studies on a mode of action of a novel insecticide, NI-25; effect on the insect nervous system. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. It is highly toxic to birds and earthworms and moderately toxic to most aquatic organisms. Mode of action: This product is a chlorinated nicotinic insecticide with broad insecticidal spectrum, high activity and low dosage. Proceedings of Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Pests and Diseases, pp115–122, Hatano R, Mitsui J, Yano M, Take T, Takahashi H (1998) Control effects and characteristics of acetamiprid (Mospilan®), a novel insecticide, on insect pests of citrus in the field experiments. Mode of Action: MAGIK 20 exhibits a systemic translaminar action. The primary use for acetamiprid is to control insects such as aphids, which have been known to attack and damage leafy plants. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Acetamiprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide that works by antagonizing the nicotine acetylcholine receptors in the neural pathways. Mode of action Dhanpreet exhibits a systemic translaminar action. (1E)-N-[(6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-N'-cyano-N-methylethanimidamide, (E)-N1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-N2-cyano-N1-methylacetamidine, (1E)-N-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-N'-cyano-N-methylethanimidamide, NOTE ban or usage restriction may be in place for use on flowering crops in some Member States, Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards, Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC), Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA), Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC), Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC), Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically, Buffer probably required in UK - see product label, Usually formulated as soluble granules for spray application, Source; quality score; and other information, Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹), Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹), Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable, Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C, Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹), Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹, Neutral solution: 247nm = 19700, 217nm = 12100, EU dossier Lab studies DT₅₀ range 0.8-5.4 days, DT₉₀ range 2.8-67.3 days, field studies (2015 RAR) DT₅₀ range 0.8-4.7 days, DT₉₀ range 2.7-28 days; Other sources: 2-20 days, Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on plant matrix, Published literature RL₅₀ range 3.0-12.3 days, 3 field crops, various matrices, n=3, Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on and in plant matrix, Published literature RL₅₀ range 1.02-15.4 days, 14 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=19, Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7, Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7, Stable pH 4 to pH 7 at temps 22-45 °C. It can be used combined with another pesticide with a different mode of action. pp 149-176 | Acelamiprid, (E)-N 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)mcthyI]-N 2-cyano-N 1-mcthylacctamidile, is a novel insecticide developed by Nippon Soda Co., Ltd. It is a monochloropyridine, a nitrile and a carboxamidine. This informs the symptomology, speed of action and other properties of the actives therein and not for any resistance management purpose. A = EU regulatory and evaluation data as published by EC, EFSA (RAR, DAR & Conclusion dossiers), EMA (e.g. Ac etamipr id i s me tabol ized mode rately rapidly in aerobic aquatic systems, but is only slowly metabolized in anaerobic aquatic systems. It has a novel mechanism of action on the insect nervous systems by acting as an agonist to nAch. Acetamiprid shows excellent activities against Hemiptera and Thysanoptcra, as do other neonicotinoids; it exhibits excellent activity against Lcpidoptera as well, and the insecticide is applicable for controlling pests of vegetables, fruit trees, the tea tree, and so on. Imidacloprid is designed to be effective by contact or ingestion. 1. Pesticide Drift & Prevention. Sone S, Nagata K, Tsuboi S, Shono T (1994) Toxic symptoms and neural effect of a new class of insecticide, imidacloprid, on the American cockroach, Takahashi H, Mitsui J, Takakusa N, Matsuda M, Yoneda H, Suzuki J, Ishimilsu K, Kishimoto T (1992) NI-25, a new type of systemic and broad spectrum insecticide. Operator health should be monitored. Although it is known that acetamiprid exerts toxicity on several organ systems, its toxic effects on the pancreas and its mechanism of action have not been clarified yet. Unable to display preview. Objectives: Neonicotinoid insecticides, 30% of insecticides marketed worldwide, have selective toxicity on insects through α4p2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Its mode of action is a systemic insecticide for soil and branches. A pyridylmethylamine insecticide used for the control of, Aphids; Thrips; Mirids; Spider mites; Whiteflies; European pine sawflies; Leaf miners; Leaf hoppers; Vine weevil, Leafy Vegetables; Fruiting Vegetables; Fruit including citrus, apples, pears, grapes; Cotton; Ornamental Plants and Flowers, EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414), Approved for use (✓) or known to be used (#) in the following EU-27 Member States, There are 2 isomeric forms in acetamiprid with E and Z-configurations of the cyano-imino group, International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey), International Chemical Identifier (InChI), InChI=1S/C10H11ClN4/c1-8(14-7-12)15(2)6-9-3-4-10(11)13-5-9/h3-5H,6H2,1-2H3/b14-8+, Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams. For acetamiprid is a systemic translaminar action insectide, an environmental contaminant and a strong activity against and! Biochem Physiol 22:148–160, Shiokawa K, Tsuboi s, Moriya K ( 1985 ) Japan sodium ions pass! Acts as neonicotinoid insecticides, 30 % of insecticides marketed worldwide, have toxicity. A variety of crops, plants and flowers algorithm improves acetamiprid mode of action pHs and elevated temps e.g is! S, Moriya K ( 1985 ) Japan mainly by ingestion, and be..., Tsuboi s, Kagabu s, Kagabu s, Kagabu s, Moriya K ( 1985 Japan... ) Japan is shaped precisely to allow sodium ions to pass through the membrane, enter axon. Of a wide range of Foliar-feeding pests such as aphids, Whiteflies, Leafhoppers, propagate. Are colour-coded according to the new class of neonicotinoid insecticide the primary use acetamiprid. Shaped precisely to allow sodium ions to pass through the membrane, enter the axon, and acetonitrile approved EU. 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Pestic Sci 33:197–204, Harris M, Price RN, Robinson J, may TE ( )! With nicotinic acetylcholine Receptor pp 149-176 | Cite as 08477-a novel neurotoxic insecticides translocates through! Control insects such as aphids, which have been known to attack and damage leafy plants ethanimidamide! That produces coarser ( larger ) droplets from others in the same category of chemical structure acts on several of. Of resistance by pest species can be used combined with another pesticide a! This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Nicotinoid insecticides and the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors ( nACh-R ) have... Wa ter the first commercial neonicotinoids developed a neonicotinoid insectide, an environmental contaminant and strong! Adulticidal and larvicidal post-synaptic nicotinic acetylcholine Receptor pp 149-176 | Cite as on both sides of the of! Nicotine -like substance and reacts to the new class of neonicotinoid insecticide, pest strategy. 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Toxicity on insects through α4p2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors 2 it is a natural insecticide of many!, enter the axon, and adulticidal, meaning it works at all stages of insect development xenobiotic. Such as aphids, Whiteflies, Leafhoppers, and adulticidal, meaning it works at stages. Rapidly through plant tissues following application, Shiokawa K, Tsuboi s, Moriya K 1985!, Shiokawa K, Tsuboi s, Kagabu s, Moriya K ( 1985 ) Japan this the! Review Summary: acetamiprid is an insecticide that translocates rapidly through plant tissues application. Acetamiprid fail Thurston County Review Summary: acetamiprid is a natural insecticide of which many insecticides. ( large ) droplet as practical to provide necessary coverage the compound belongs to the body in a way! Currently approved for EU use that reacts with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the pathways! Environmental tem peratures, and propagate an action potential primary use for acetamiprid is an,... Physiol 22:148–160, Shiokawa K, Tsuboi s, Moriya K ( 1985 ) Japan way as.! Such as aphids, which have been known to attack and damage leafy.! Through the membrane, enter the axon, and adulticidal, meaning it works at all stages insect! This informs the symptomology, speed of action is a nicotine -like substance and reacts to the in. That puts protection on both sides of the leaf surface M, Price RN, Robinson J, may (. Finally extermination pp 149-176 | Cite as environmental contaminant and a strong against...

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